64. Look at the sun in this picture, where it is trapped between the stones. It looks so small you might think you could catch it!
We have noted that the Whispering Knights are placed a little below the top of the rise on which they stand. There are three possible reasons for this. One is to hide a distant peak south that would otherwise appear above the near horizon and spoil it; Two is to increase altitude and brighten the sun, and the third is to raise the horizon to get a clearer picture of a rising and setting star.
Option one can be discounted since there are no distance peaks south to break up the near horizon.
Option two. An increase in altitude equals a more brilliant sunrise.
Option three: The extinction angle of a star or stars. When viewed over a level horizon, stars become invisible as they approach the ground due to having to pass through several layers of the atmosphere. Placing the Knights a little below the peak means that this family of stones in humanoid form - were positioned to view everything that rises and sets in the south.
There was, and there still is, so much to see.
65. The humanoid family of stones known as the Whispering Knights
66. The Rollright Circle seen from the south
67. MY SURVEY OF THE CIRCLE
William Stukeley was the first to note that stone circles were internal devices when realising that the best faces of Avebury's stones were placed facing inward. And despite looking worm-ridden, most professionals agree that the best faces of the stones in the Rollright circle were likely placed facing inward, just like Stonehenge and Avebury.
So, measuring the circle internally, we find 37 Megalithic Yards in diameter - one megalithic yard bigger than Stonehenge's 36 MY.
68. Alexander Thom's Rollright Circle survey.
Ever since Stukeley entered Avebury in 1720, it's been known that all stone rings- perfect circles, flatted circles, egg shapes, or odd shapes like Avebury's outer circuit - are all internal devices.
Yet Professor Thom, who claims to have surveyed over 500 stone rings, including Avebury and Stonehenge, to determine the length of the megalithic yard, never adopted internal measurements. We are left to wonder why he failed to do so.
As you can see, Thom made the circle 38 MY when taken through the centre of the stones.
This image is taken from "Megalithic Sites in Britain. Oxford University Press 1967 by A Thom."
69. A photo taken from the centre of the Rollright Circle to show where the sun sets in mid-December. But we must pass through the trees and enter the field beyond to view the horizon.
70. And what an eye-opener it is. Whilst the far horizon might have been visible in the Stone Age with clearer skies and people's excellent eyesight, it takes a setting sun to expose the eight-mile distant Icomb Hill.
71. Imagine my surprise while waiting for the winter sunset that I should turn round and find the humanoid Stone 13 reflecting sunlight like a mirror.
Stone 13 is one of the few Rollright stones known to be undisturbed since new. We hardly need further proof that Stone Age folk reflected sunlight off them and into the middle of the circle where four timber posts once stood.
72. The concave shape of the inner face of Stone 13. This stone alone proves that all stones of the Rollright Circle were meant to reflect sunlight into the middle of the ring.
73. The poorest face of Stone 13 is outward.
Facing outwards proves that the Rollright Circle was an internal device for collecting sunlight.
Scientists today wondered what would happen if light was bounced between two mirrors. The outcome was the invention of lasers.
I'm reminded of a young lady I talked to whilst discussing Stone 13. I mentioned how the circle was designed to collect light like a Laser. Her response was to whirl her forefinger toward the sky as if to take off.
Exactly, I said.
74. From the circle, we cross the road to see the natural mound that Mesolithic, Neolithic, and Bronze Age folks thought of as a gift from the gods.
This natural mound is undoubtedly the progenitor of the long mounds known as long barrows and is what drew Mesolithic people to this place.
75. Early folk built a circular cairn on the top of the mound that scales to 20 megalithic yards in diameter. Beyond that cairn, and at the other end of the mound, someone was buried along with Mesolithic flint, most likely collected from Norfolk.
76. A view from on top of the Rollright Mound. This is one of many alignments on the sun, moon and stars that benevolent nature gave to early man at Rollright more than 9,000 years ago.
By my calculations, this is where the major moon will be seen to set in the Foxcote Gorge sometime in 2024, through a notch between Nebsworth and Ebrington Hill, some nine miles distant.
77. Also seen from the top of the mound. Summer solstice sunset on the evening of the 20th of June 2020.
The sun sinks into Nebsworth Hill at one end, and the major moon sets at the other, just like Woodhenge, near Stonehenge, where the sun and moon scan both ends of Sidbury Hill.
There is an old fable about a witch that turned the king's men to stone because the King couldn't see the village of Long Compton in the valley below. Nor can you see it in this picture because it's too far to the right.
This Fable was written by a certain Evans, who in 1895 failed to realise that Long Compton did not exist when the stones were set up.
So, bringing things up to date, I have rewritten Evan's poem to incorporate where the northernmost moon will set and will set again in 2024 through a couple of notches in the nine-mile-distant Nebsworth and Ebrington Hill seen above.
"Seven long strides shalt thou take, and if Nebsworth Hill and moon thou canst see,
King of England shalt thou be."
The exultant King cried
"Stick, stock, stone
As King of England, I shall be known."
But on his seventh stride, the ground before him rose up in a long mound obscuring his view, and the witch cackled.
"As long as Nebsworth Hill and moon thou canst not see
King of England, thou shalt not be.
Rise up, stick, and stand still, stone,
For King of England thou shalt be none:
Thou and thy men hoar stones shall be
And I myself an eldern tree."
Some go looking for the elderberry tree the witch said she would turn herself into, but no elderberry trees are found at Rollright.
This fable is another Red Herring to direct our minds away from the facts.
78. Returning to Avebury, this is what the Beckhampton Avenue of stone (where it passes through the ovary) is aligned on.
My review of Avebury is now complete.
Coming next: Three corrected stone circle surveys made by Professor Thom.
79. Measured internally, this is the actual geometry on which the stone circle of Dinnever Hill was set.
Draw a 50-megalithic yard diameter circle and four sides of a hexagon from it. Next, draw a half-size circle (25 My) in the middle of the 50 My circle, which will determine the centre points of a further pair of 25 My circles. Finally, draw a 45.57 arc to close the profile. This 45.57 arc was thought by Stone Age folk to be 45.5 MY, for they would not have known the difference.
80. Rough Tor is similar to Dinnever Hill, except that the centre of a pair of 35.023 circles (35) is placed on where an axis, 5-megalithic yards away from the centreline of the outer circle, intersects with the line made between the centre of the outer circle and that of the hexagon.
81. It is quite enough to expect Stone Age folks to have come up with geometric rings based on hexagons without expecting them to have concerned themselves with perimeter lengths in whole numbers, as Alexander Thom tried to do.
It is simpler to accept that Stonehenge is based on a 36 megalithic yard diameter circle, the Rollright circle to measure 37, Burnmoor 38, and Avebury's Sanctuary 47, all of which makes it likely that the design of Avebury and Stonehenge came under the influence of visitors from Cumberland.